Venezuela is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south. Its roughly 2,800 kilometres (1,700 mi) northern coastline includes numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea, and in the north east borders the northern Atlantic Ocean. Caribbean islands such as Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Curaçao, Aruba and the Leeward Antilles lie near the Venezuelan coast. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 square kilometres (353,841 sq mi) with an estimated population of 26,414,816. Venezuela is considered a country with extremely high biodiversity, with habitats ranging from the Andes mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rainforest in the south, via extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
Venezuela is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and Federal Dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital, Caracas, which is also the largest city. Venezuela is a founding member of the United Nations (1945), the Organization of American States (1948), the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) (1960), the Group of 15 (1989), the World Trade Organization (1995), the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) (2004) and the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) (2008). Since the discovery of oil in the early twentieth century, Venezuela has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil.
Capital (and largest city): Caracas
Official language: Spanish
Area: 16,445 km2 (33rd) - 353,841 sq mi
Population: July 2009 estimate 27,223,228 (40th)
Density: 30.2/km2 (173rd) - 77/sq mi
GDP (PPP): 2010 estimate $342.231 billion
GDP per capita: $11,726
Gini (2007): 41 (high)
HDI (2010): 0.696 (high, 75th)
Currency: Bolívar fuerte (VEF)
Time zone: UTC-4:30
Cited from from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuela.