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Country Profile

Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. 

  • Capital City: Athens  
  • Time Zone: +2 GMT 
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)  
  • Languages: Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French) 
  • Calling Code: 30 
  • Voltage: 220 
  • Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7% 

Cited from:  http://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/   


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Rodoula Roussou
Athens, Greece
+30 210 86 91 100

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